An examination of the relationship between the Southern Annular Mode and Antarctic surface air temperatures in the CMIP5 historical runs

first_imgStrong relationships exist between the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) and surface air temperature (SAT) across much of Antarctica. Changes in the SAM will have a profound influence on future Antarctic climate so it is important that the models used to predict climate change can accurately reproduce current SAM–SAT relationships. We analyse data from 50 Climate Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) 5 models to assess how well they reproduce the observed mean and variability of annual and seasonal SAM–SAT relationships at six Antarctic stations. Overall, the models do better at reproducing these relationships when meridional flow has its largest influence on SAT, doing best (worst) in winter (autumn and summer). They are generally unable to replicate existing seasonal cycles in the strength of the SAM–SAT relationship and show much less spatial and especially temporal variability in the strength of these relationships than is observed. Using an estimate of intrinsic variability to quantify the skill of the CMIP5 models, their average ability to successfully replicate a seasonal SAM–SAT relationship at the six locations studied ranges from 16 % in autumn to 32 % in winter. The mean success rate of a single model across all four seasons is 24 %, ranging from 8 to 38 % (compared to a ‘perfect model’ with 46 %). Analysing the different atmospheric circulation patterns associated with extreme SAM–SAT correlations in the models demonstrates the importance of correctly reproducing both the climatological mean and variability of the planetary longwaves at Southern Hemisphere high-latitudes (particularly wave-number 3), in order to accurately reproduce observed SAM–SAT relationships across Antarctica.last_img read more

Unwed living-together couples to shed criminal label

first_imgBISMARCK, N.D. – Unmarried couples who live together in North Dakota will no longer be considered criminals after the state’s House of Representatives agreed Thursday to repeal the law that has been on books since statehood. The legislation was headed to Gov. John Hoeven, who was expected to sign it, his spokesman Don Canton said. The House voted 48-41 to get rid of the law that lists it as a sex crime crime – along with rape, incest and adultery – for a man and woman to live together without being married. Repeal attempts failed in the past two legislative sessions. The legislation creates a new offense, making it illegal for a man and woman to pass themselves off as being married for the purpose of committing fraud. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Irish Water announce plans for further roadworks in Letterkenny region

first_imgMore water mains and sewer works are in the pipeline for Letterkenny and surrounding areas in the coming weeks, Irish Water has announced.The water utility said that pipe laying works and piling works on the Oldtown Road are ahead of programme and two-way traffic will be maintained for the duration of the works.All works will cease on the R250 Oldtown Road in the weeks surrounding Christmas, from the last two weeks in November to the third week in January. Further updates are due as the project progresses. Carnamuggah:Works commenced at Carnamuggah in Letterkenny on 16th September.Kilmacrennan:A stop/go traffic management system will be in place throughout the week in Kilmacrenan on N56 during daytime working hours.Manor Roundabout to Dry Arch roundabout:Works will take place during daytime working hours on the hard shoulder of Letterkenny-bound N13 dual carriageway from N13/N14 roundabout to Dry Arch Roundabout with outside lane only open after 10:00am.  Irish Water announce plans for further roadworks in Letterkenny region was last modified: September 23rd, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Early Man Was Like Us

first_imgHuman evolution theory has been dealt more body blows this month, raising questions whether it can sustain any more injuries after a decade of repeated punches and concussions.  How many times can a theory take the “everything you know is wrong” body slam? (E.g., 2/19/2004, 10/2/2009, 4/8/2010, 10/28/2010.) We’ve already seen Neanderthals promoted to fully human status (8/12/2011).  Now, some evolutionists are claiming that the “missing links” on the way to modern humans were all interfertile with us. More Neanderthal revision:  The BBC News reported on work in the Jersey Cave that indicates “Neanderthals have been widely under-estimated.”  The individuals portrayed since Darwin as brutish pre-humans are now being seen (once again) as intelligent, resourceful, well-adapted, tool-making, successful members of Homo sapiens that would probably put moderns to shame in many ways.  That’s all academic, though, since genetic studies recently indicated significant interbreeding between Neanderthals and “modern” humans (8/12/2011).  Svante Pääbo, the “man rewriting human evolution,” was interviewed by New Scientist.  To the question “Does the discovery of the Denisovans raise the possibility that we once shared the planet with other types of extinct human?” he answered, “Yes.”  He also agrees that Homo floresiensis, the “Hobbits” of Indonesia, are probably “an early divergence from modern humans.” Homo erectus tool shop:  Another find repeats the “earlier than thought” meme frequently found in evolutionary reporting.  Science Daily said, “A new study suggests that Homo erectus, a precursor to modern humans, was using advanced toolmaking methods in East Africa 1.8 million years ago, at least 300,000 years earlier than previously thought.”  The article absorbed the damage to evolutionary theory with the following understatement: “The study… raises new questions about where these tall and slender early humans originated and how they developed sophisticated tool-making technology.”  In addition, the article stated that the discovery of so-called Acheulian tools, “a great technological leap” for this group, does not resolve other debates about where Homo erectus originated – Africa or Asia.  One of the researchers was “taken aback” by the discovery of advanced tools at “the oldest Acheulian site in the world” just six miles from where Richard Leakey found “Turkana Boy” in 1984 that was announced at the time as a missing link (see Penn State article).  The BBC News described Acheulian stone tools as the “Swiss army knives” of the Stone Age, useful for both cutting up heavy animals and chopping wood. The source paper in Nature adds another complication.1  Finding Acheulian tools at such an ancient Homo erectus site in Africa, but not in Asia, requires another modification to the Out-of-Africa theory: the individuals who migrated out of Africa had to lose this technology en route, or else there were two groups.  Lepre et al. wrote, “One of these groups could have developed the Acheulian technology but remained in Africa. The other could have lacked the cognitive ability and/or technological knowledge to manufacture the Acheulian technology and did not carry it into Eurasia.”  It remains to be seen who will find that story convincing. Gene flow:  Stop the presses!  Everything you read up to this point doesn’t matter anymore.  A new study by Michael Hammer published in PNAS now asserts that Homo erectus and modern humans interbred.  This makes them members of the same species.  “We found evidence for hybridization between modern humans and archaic forms in Africa,” Hammer said in PhysOrg.  “It looks like our lineage has always exchanged genes with their more morphologically diverged neighbors.”  Acknowledging that Neanderthal genes “are not that different from modern humans,” he has now expanded the Homo sapiens gene pool to encompass Homo erectus. And since Homo erectus is nearly indistinguishable from Homo ergaster, according to pro-evolution Wikipedia, those distinctions also collapse.  Gene flow between H. sapiens, H. neanderthalensis, H. erectus, H. floresiensis, H. ergaster and possibly others makes the classification arbitrary – distinctions without a real difference. Searching for genetic tags in a population genetics model, Hammer estimated about two or three percent of archaic DNA remains in the modern human genome.  But “that doesn’t mean the interbreeding wasn’t more extensive,” the article said.  Hammer remarked, “We think there were probably thousands of interbreeding events.  It happened relatively extensively and regularly.”  Charles Q. Choi titled his report on Live Science, “Humans Had Sex Regularly With Mysterious Extinct Relatives in Africa.”  Since earlier reports found remnants of Neanderthal and Denisovan DNA in the human genome, it means all these groups, including Homo erectus, were capable of interbreeding, and thus were members of the same species. Choi’s article included a quote by Hammer with an ironic Biblical reference:  “We need to modify the standard model of human origins in which a single population transitioned to the anatomically modern state in isolation – a garden of Eden somewhere in Africa – and replaced all other archaic forms both within Africa and outside Africa without interbreeding,” he told Live Science.  “We now need to consider models in which gene flow occurred over time,” he Babel-ed. Sleep on it:  Incidentally, one anthropologist has taken to the trees to live with the chimpanzees.  Trying to figure out what caused our supposed ancestors to come down from the jungle canopy and sleep on the ground, Fiona Stewart climbed up to chimp nests and slept six nights like they do.  Live Science told the results; she found it afforded some distance from howling hyenas and some reduction in insect bites, but otherwise was not any more comfortable than sleeping on the ground.  But does her adventure “help explain why early humans broke from the chimp tradition of sleeping in trees,” as promised by reporter Stephanie Pappas?  Only if one is willing to speculate.  Quoting Wiliam McGrew [Cambridge University], she wrote “it has been speculated that our ancestors were able to stay on the ground overnight when they had fire, both because fire is a deterrent for predators and because it also offers heat.”  One might wonder why today’s chimps haven’t caught onto that grand idea for six million years. 1. Lepre et al., “An earlier origin for the Acheulian,” Nature  477 (01 September 2011), pages 82–85, doi:10.1038/nature10372. This is so pathetic it’s funny.  What part of the evidence (discounting the evolutionary timeline as “evidence”) fails to fit with Genesis?  Put the data into the written account of an original Garden of Eden creation of a single human pair, diversifying till the Flood, then dispersing after Babel, the disparate groups accentuating traits by inbreeding, yet still capable of gene flow as true people, and it fits.  If you carefully subtract all the incestuous evolutionary memes from the Darwinian tale and just look at the evidence, it becomes apparent that people have always been people and animals animals.  Only the ideology of Darwin tries to force-fit the data into a progressive upward sequence.  It doesn’t work.  Over and over it has left the evolutionists mystified.  Ann Coulter has aptly dubbed Darwinism a “mystery religion from the Victorian age.”  Come out of the cult and be born again.(Visited 31 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Former Uttarakhand CM Harish Rawat hospitalised

first_imgFormer Uttarakhand Chief Minister and senior Congress leader Harish Rawat was hospitalised here early on Monday after he complained of dizziness.Mr. Rawat was admitted to the Max hospital in Dehradun in the wee hours, his chief spokesperson Surendra Kumar said.“Routine check-ups have been conducted and all his reports are normal. There is nothing to worry,” Mr. Kumar said, adding that Rawat would be discharged soon.last_img

50 million could watch Mayweather-McGregor in the US alone

first_imgUFC champ Jon Jones flagged for another failed doping test MOST READ SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief LATEST STORIES View comments Read Next WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Manny Pacquiao on Floyd Mayweather: Let him enjoy retirement PLAY LIST 00:44Manny Pacquiao on Floyd Mayweather: Let him enjoy retirement01:49Pacquiao to Mayweather: Want fans to stop asking for rematch? Then fight me again01:16Pacquiao takes another swipe at Mayweather over exhibition match KO01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games SEA Games: PH’s Alisson Perticheto tops ice skating short program Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Each pay-per-view sale means more money in the wallets of both fighters. Though estimates vary widely, Mayweather is expected to make some $200 million, while McGregor will likely pocket at least $100 million.Though ticket sales have been slow in Las Vegas — largely because of astronomical prices — the fight is shaping up as must-see TV at a price of $99.95. People are expected to buy the fight in record numbers, with many sharing the cost of the telecast with friends and family they invite over.Taffet said people will treat it much like a Super Bowl by getting together in larger numbers than usual.“I think this is first and foremost a television event,” said Taffet, who oversaw 190 pay-per-views in his career at HBO. “The success of this fight in the financial record books of history will be made on pay-per-view. And I believe it’s going to deliver.”Industry observers say it’s hard to judge how many homes will buy a pay-per-view until the day of the fight many times, as people often buy late. But the anecdotal evidence — primarily the chatter on social media — indicates a good likelihood of it smashing the 4.6 million record of pay-per-view sales set by the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight.ADVERTISEMENT That’s largely because the matchup will likely cross over from being just a sporting event to a party night.“We have definitely seen massive general market interest in addition to the sports fan,” said Stephen Espinoza, who heads sports for Showtime, which will televise the fight. “These general market viewers are often not part of the audience for even the biggest combat sports event. So the ceiling is pretty high.”Espinoza said the very nature of the fight — a matchup between a UFC star who has never boxed as a pro against one of the greatest fighters of his time — will drive the pay-per-view sales.“We believe this is an unprecedented event, quite frankly no one knows what to expect,” he said. “The element of these two outspoken personalities in one unprecedented event is compelling.”An early indication of interest in the fight is the massive betting both in Nevada and in other places where it is legal. Bookmakers say it will be the biggest bet fight ever, with an overwhelming number of the early tickets on McGregor to pull an upset.Still, there are plenty of tickets left in the arena itself, where prices originally ranged from $2,500 in the upper sections to $10,000 at ringside. Ticket prices have been dropping in the resale market — with some available for less than $1,300 on Tuesday — and are expected to decline more in the days before the fight. “It’s a cultural event that crosses all demographics and all social and economic factors,” said Mark Taffet, who formerly ran pay-per-view for HBO. “People are getting together to have a great time and we surely need an excuse to have a great time.”Taffet said that while an average of 5-6 people normally watches a pay-per-view, he wouldn’t be surprised if the fight averages 10 people a household. If it sells 5 million pay-per-views as widely anticipated, the fight could be watched by nearly one in six Americans.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutThe fight will also be seen by millions more worldwide, with promoters claiming it will be available either online or on a TV screen to more than 1 billion homes in 200 different countries.“If you are in Manhattan or you are on a desert island somewhere, if you have Wi-Fi, you can buy this fight,” promoter Dana White said. This July 13, 2017 photo shows Floyd Mayweather Jr., left, and Conor McGregor, of Ireland, facing each other for photos during a news conference at Barclays Center in New York. So far fans aren’t exactly storming the box office to buy tickets for Mayweather Jr.’s fight next month with McGregor. A check online Saturday, July 29, 2017 revealed hundreds _ even thousands _ of seats still available from Ticketmaster at the T-Mobile arena for the Aug. 26 fight. There are so many open seats that fans with enough room left on their credit cards can buy six tickets together in 162 different spots throughout the arena. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II)LAS VEGAS — Conor McGregor’s improbable challenge of Floyd Mayweather Jr. could be seen by a staggering 50 million people in the United States as fans and the curious gather in small and large parties.The fight Saturday night threatens the pay-per-view revenue record set by Mayweather and Manny Pacquiao two years ago and could dwarf it in viewership as people use the event as a reason to have friends and family over for a little escapism and controlled violence.ADVERTISEMENT LIST: Class, gov’t work suspensions during 30th SEA Gameslast_img read more

Nadal says it’s noisy under US Open roof, despite changes

first_imgWATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief LATEST STORIES Read Next Rafael Nadal, of Spain, returns a shot from Dusan Lajovic, of Serbia, during the first round of the U.S. Open tennis tournament, Tuesday, Aug. 29, 2017, in New York. (AP Photo/Frank Franklin II)NEW YORK — It’s too loud under the U.S. Open roof for Rafael Nadal.Even though the U.S. Tennis Association tried to lessen the noise in Arthur Ashe Stadium after the retractable cover’s debut during last year’s tournament, there was still quite a bit of ambient sound when the top was shut because of rain Tuesday.ADVERTISEMENT —a cellphone tower above the stadium’s broadcast booths was moved;—old air conditioning equipment in the same spot was replaced with modern units that he said are much quieter;—sound-dampening material was placed above other AC units located outside of Ashe.Widmaier acknowledged that last year’s “background noise level … needed to be, at a minimum, reduced, if not eliminated.”Told of Nadal’s complaint Tuesday, Widmaier agreed “it was loud in there today, especially with the roof closed.” He said the USTA plans “to continue to work with sound experts” to see what else can be done.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ “Too much noise, no?” the No. 1-seeded Nadal said after beating Dusan Lajovic 7-6 (6), 6-2, 6-2 in the first round. “I was not able to hear the ball when you are hitting, no?”Nadal, who counts two U.S. Open championships among his 15 Grand Slam titles, missed the tournament because of an injury in 2016, when the $150 million sliding cover made its debut atop the event’s main arena.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutSome players and spectators described the sounds last year as being similar to a rushing waterfall, a result of a combination of equipment in the stadium and 20,000-plus fans speaking.The USTA pledged a year ago to try to improve the situation and spokesman Chris Widmaier said Tuesday that steps had been taken: Rose talks fame, fatherhood, Cavs and redemption Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games Another player who spent some time under the roof in Ashe on Tuesday was French Open champion Jelena Ostapenko, whose first-round victory was completed there after being shifted from Court 17 because of the rain.“For me, was fine, but I was there only, like, three games,” she said. “Probably not enough time to really hear that noise or realize something like that.”Nadal said the noise under the roof at Flushing Meadows is worse than when the covers atop arenas at Wimbledon and the Australian Open are closed.“I understand it’s a show, at the end of the day, and I enjoy that. I feel part of this, of course. But under the roof, we need to be a little bit more strict about the noise, in my opinion, no?” he said. “Because all the noise stays inside, and this is difficult, no?”Widmaier said the USTA expects things to be less problematic as the two-week tournament continues.“What we noticed last year is that during the first week of the competition, there was noticeable crowd noise, both with the roof open and closed. Of course, that’s exacerbated when the roof is closed. However, we also noticed that as the tournament progressed, and the matches became more compelling, the crowd noise reduced,” he said. “It is early in the tournament, and we expect that as the tournament goes on, there will be more of a hush in the seating.” Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH After the Typhoon Part 2 PLAY LIST 05:18After the Typhoon Part 202:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa View commentslast_img read more

TFA SEEKING INDIGENOUS TEAM COACH AND MANAGERS

first_imgTouch Football Australia Indigenous Advisory Committee is seeking Expressions of Interest for the role of National Indigenous Open Women’s Coach and for Managers for Men’s Open and Women’s Open National Indigenous Teams attending the World Indigenous Touch Tournament in 2008.TFA is seeking expressions from suitably qualified, currently accredited, and active coaches and managers to fill coaching positions for National Indigenous Open Teams for 2008. For more information please download the memo outlining expression of interest and the process involved.Expression of interest for these positions closes on COB Wednesday 31 October 2007 and should be forwarded to TFA High Performance Coordinator Wayne Grant email [email protected] Indigenous Coach and Mangers Expression of Interest InformationNational Indigenous Coach Position Description & Selection CriteriaNational Indigenous Managers Position Description & Selection Criterialast_img read more

USCG Medevacs Injured Chinese Sailor off Puerto Rico

first_imgzoomImage Courtesy: USCG An injured Chinese crewmember was medevaced from the bulk carrier Bunum Hero on April 10 off Puerto Rico, according to the US Coast Guard.The 20-year-old seafarer sustained multiple broken bones and a head injury after falling from a crane onboard the vessel.Coast Guard watchstanders in Sector San Juan received the medevac request from the Panamanian-flagged ship at 5 p.m., local time, on Monday. Bunun Hero was sailing to Europe and approximately 525 nautical miles northeast of Puerto Rico, outside the range of responding rescue helicopters, when it reported the incident.Sector San Juan watchstanders requested the Bunun Hero head towards Puerto Rico to shorten the distance for the medevac.A helicopter crew rendezvous with the 587-foot bulk carrier on Tuesday night some 175 nautical miles northeast of Puerto Rico to medevac the Chinese seafarer.The patient was hoisted onboard and transported to San Juan, Puerto Rico. Emergency Medical Service personnel transported him to a hospital for treatment.last_img read more