News Photo : Flickr / alextorrenegra ChinaAsia – Pacific Help by sharing this information China’s Cyber Censorship Figures to go further Read in Chinese / 看中文Reporters Without Borders strongly condemns the Chinese government’s readiness to violate the confidentiality of sources, which has jeopardized the safety of New York Times journalists and their sources in China.The newspaper has been subjected to growing harassment in recent months. An article about outgoing Premier Wen Jiabao’s fortune was censored. The authorities refused to issue or renew visas and accreditation for its journalists. And now it turns out that it has been the target of cyber-attacks for months.“If hackers working for the government were ordered to spy on such a prominent newspaper as the New York Times, it means that the authorities are trying to identify its sources in order step up their persecution of dissidents,” Reporters Without Borders said. “It also means that, in addition to the recent censorship of international news stories and the growing difficulties for foreign journalists to get visas for the China, the government is deploying major resources in a bid to gag the international media. If such methods are used against the New York Times, its bodes ill for the harassment and surveillance that Chinese newspapers can expect.”Reporters Without Borders added: “We hail the responsibility with which the New York Times has acted and we urge other media to do the same for the sake of their sources and contributors.”The New York Times reported on 30 January that it had been the target of attacks from hackers in China for the past four months.The first intrusions took place on 13 September, when the newspaper was preparing the report about the fortune amassed by Prime Minister Wen’s family. The New York Times allowed the hackers to keep probing for four months in order to identify every digital back door.According to experts hired by the newspaper, the techniques used by the hackers are similar to those used by the Chinese military. They got into its computer systems via the email accounts of journalists based in China and other foreign countries, including Shanghai bureau chief David Barboza, who wrote the Wen exposé, and South Asia bureau chief Jim Yardley, who is based in India.Malware that the experts recognized as being of Chinese origin was then installed in the system that gave the hackers access to all of the network’s computers. The experts also found evidence that the passwords of 53 employees were stolen. Chinese defence minister Liang Guanglie has denied that the Chinese authorities were in any way involved.This is not the first time that a major foreign news organization has been the target of such a cyber-attack. The news agency Bloomberg received attacks that infected several of its computers last June when it revealed that relatives of then Vice-President Xi Jinping had amassed a fortune.The New York Times said: “The mounting number of attacks that have been traced back to China suggest that hackers there are behind a far-reaching spying campaign aimed at an expanding set of targets including corporations, government agencies, activist groups, and media organizations inside the United States.”The attacks on western journalists have apparently been increasing since 2008. Visa difficultiesChris Buckley, a 45-year-old Australian journalist working for the New York Times, was meanwhile forced to leave China on 31 December after the authorities failed to renew his visa in time.Based in China since 2000, he joined the New York Times last September after working for Reuters. After waiting in vain for a response to his repeated requests for renewal of his accreditation, Buckley and his family were forced to move to Hong Kong.The New York Times has also been waiting since March 2012 for the Chinese authorities to issue accreditation to Philip Pan, who has been appointed as its Beijing bureau chief.Tenacious censorshipThe New York Times had already been subject to close monitoring by the Chinese government for years but it intensified after the revelations about the Wen family’s fortune. The report was censored in China by the authorities, who also blocked searches for “Wen Jiabao” or “New York Times” on the Chinese micro-blogging website Sina Weibo.The Wall Street Journal announced on 31 January that its computers had also been the target of cyber-attacks from China with the aim of monitoring its media coverage of China, while CNN reported that its international service’s computer network was blocked for several minutes after a report about the New York Times hacking.Finally, Twitter reported on 2 February that 250,000 of its accounts had been accessed in attacks similar to those on the New York Times. Again, it was suggested that China was to blame.China is ranked 173rd out of 179 counties in the 2013 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. RSF_en March 12, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on China China: Political commentator sentenced to eight months in prison June 2, 2021 Find out more News Receive email alerts ChinaAsia – Pacific News February 5, 2013 – Updated on January 20, 2016 New York Times hounded by Chinese censorship, expulsion and spying Organisation April 27, 2021 Find out more Democracies need “reciprocity mechanism” to combat propaganda by authoritarian regimes News
Tags: Green Dot Program, Kirby Dick, sexual assault, The Hunting Ground After screening “The Hunting Ground,” a documentary that highlights sexual assault on college campuses across the country, at both Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s last spring, conversations about sexual assault have continued and sparked action.Kirby Dick, director of the documentary, said he has been impressed with the way both schools have responded to the film.Lucy Du “I have been very impressed with the way Saint Mary’s and President [Carol Ann] Mooney have had multiple screens of the film and invited the film’s subjects, Annie Clark and Andrea Pino, to speak at the school,” Dick said.“We made this film not only to promote national awareness, but to give individual schools a tool to help undertake reform, and Saint Mary’s has courageously utilized the film to help initiate the reform process,” he said. “I also applaud Notre Dame’s choice to screen the film on multiple occasions, and to not react defensively, as so many schools around the country have in the past.”Dick said students are the key to keeping this conversation alive and eventually ending sexual assault on campus, but administrators must also take an active role.“More than any film, any committee, any report, student survivors and activists are the key to a school successfully confronting this issue,” Dick said. “It may not be the most comfortable thing to do, but if presidents, deans and boards of directors meet regularly with and listen to the experiences, concerns and recommendations of survivors and activists, they will come away with a much deeper understanding of the school’s problems and potential solutions.“I know President Mooney has done this and I am hopeful that Father Jenkins, if he hasn’t already, will avail himself of this uniquely important opportunity.”Dick said the choice to include Saint Mary’s and Notre Dame in the documentary came after investigating hundreds of stories of sexual assault on campuses across the country over a nearly two-year period.“Nearly everyone was so powerful that it alone could have been the basis for a feature length documentary,” Dick said. “Rachel’s story, about a young woman who was deeply involved in the rich religious tradition of Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s, is profoundly heartbreaking and was included because it raises important questions about what happens when an institution does not live up to the values it espouses.“Lizzy Seeberg’s story, about her assault and subsequent suicide, was included because it conveys not only how traumatic an assault can be, but how the wrong response from an institution can impact a survivor even more than the assault itself. Her story shows how, in many cases, these are truly life and death issues.”Saint Mary’s director of media relations Gwen O’Brien said the documentary struck a chord with students and the College has responded.In addition to receiving the Notre Dame crime alerts, Saint Mary’s students have been invited to join Mooney’s Presidential Task Force.“The sexual assault of college women and men is an injustice, and institutions must take great care to not further injure the survivor,” O’Brien said. “The President looks forward to what the Task Force brings forth as ideas for change.”O’Brien said the Presidential Task Force, made up of students, faculty and staff, will examine the issue of sexual assault and look for potential problems with how the College responds to reports and survivor needs. By May, a report will be issued of their findings and action items.Collective voices create change, she said.“Dialogue has always been an important aspect of a Saint Mary’s education and listening to each other can only bring clarity,” O’Brien said. “President Mooney’s administration, the Belles Against Violence Office (BAVO) [and] other offices on campus work hard every day to support students who have experienced sexual assault move through the process of reporting and healing.”The most noticeable change on Saint Mary’s campus so far are the stickers on mirrors throughout campus aimed at simplifying the process of who to turn to if a student survives a sexual assault, she said.The gender and women’s studies department (GWS) is hosting Andrea Pino and Annie Clark, who were featured in “The Hunting Ground.” Clark and Pino will be speaking at Saint Mary’s tonight at 7 p.m. in Carroll Auditorium. Stacy Davis, chair of the GWS department, said after “The Hunting Ground” screening in April, students increased their efforts to assist survivors of sexual assault and decrease the number of assaults. It’s important for students interested in activism around the issue of sexual assault to attend the talk tonight, she said.“Because Andrea Pino and Annie Clark were also student activists, our students can learn from their stories and receive added inspiration for their own work,” Davis said. “Students will hear about how their peers at other schools have successfully used Title IX complaints to improve campus climate and make the judicial process more equitable.”Davis said Pino and Clark will speak about “Everyday Activism,” a term they have coined in establishing their non-profit organization End Rape on Campus.“‘Everyday Activism’ encourages people to do the seemingly small things that can facilitate a survivor’s recovery, such as being there to listen or taking notes for someone who needs to be away from their class on a particular day,” Davis said. “It also includes working to improve campus climate and culture through engagement with organizations such as Belles Against Violence and participation in the Green Dot program.”Editor’s Note: Associate Saint Mary’s Editor Alex Winegar contributed to this report.