New York’s Governors Ball, currently underway on New York City’s Randall’s Island, has announced that newly formed supergroup Prophets of Rage have been added to the festival’s Sunday lineup. The group, made up of members of Rage Against the Machine, Public Enemy, Cypress Hill, and more, will hit the Bacardi House Stage at 6:30pm on Sunday. Prophets of Rage’s GovBall set will mark their third-ever performance, after making their debut in Los Angeles earlier this week.
After 5 months…After five long months of repeatedly having their hopes dashed, rice farmers on the Essequibo Island of Wakenaam were finally paid for the produce they had sold a popular miller on the Essequibo Coast. Their payment comes approximately five weeks ahead of harvesting for the current crop, due in early September.Before this payment was effected, farmers had vented their frustrations at the prolonged delay, saying that the end of this crop would have passed without them being paid. However, as media reports highlighted the months of non-payment the farmers were being made to endure, the farmers finally received the monies that were owed to them.According to information received, the Essequibo rice miller handed out several cheques on Thursday last. Even as they are satisfied at having been paid, farmers say they continue to face difficulties in trying to repay loans taken to acquire fertiliser, fuel, and equipment.The farmers had earlier disclosed that the miller had, since March, milled their paddy into rice. <
Century Cinemas LetterkennyFriday 04 March until Thursday 10 March 2011Unknown 15a 113 mins, daily 6.05pm, 8.35pm fri/sat sun 11pmThe Adjustment Bureau 12A 107mins Daily 6:05pm, 8:30pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 11.05pmRango 1:35pm Pg 107mins Daily 3:50pm, 6:10pm, 8:45pm & Sat/SunNo Strings Attached 15A 107mins Daily 8:45pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 11:10pmDrive Angry 3D (Ticket Surcharge Applies) 16 104mins Daily 6:10pm, 8:40pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 11pmTrue Grit 15A 110mins Daily 6pm, 8:20pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 10:50pmThe Rite 16 116mins Daily 8:25pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 11:05pmPaul 15A 103mins Daily 8:20pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 10:50pmThe Kings Speech 12A 118mins Daily 3:45pm, 6pmThe Fighter 15A 115mins Daily 3:45pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 11:10pmI Am Number Four 12A 109mins Daily 3:50pm, 6:10pmBig Mommas Like Father Like Son 1:55pm Pg 107mins Daily 4:05pm, 6:15pm & Fri/Sat/SunJustin Bieber – Never Say Never G 104mins Sat/Sun 1:40pmGnomoe & Juliet 3D (Ticket Surcharge Applies) G 83mins Fri/Sat/Sun 1:55pmGnomoe & Juliet G 83mins Daily 4:05pm & Sat/Sun 11:50am, 1:40pmYogi Bear 3D (Ticket Surcharge Applies) G 80mins Fri/Sat/Sun 2pmYogi Bear 11:50am G 80mins Daily 4pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 2pm & Sat/SunTangled 11:50am G 100mins Daily 4pm & Fri/Sat/Sun 1:50pm & Sat/Sun CENTURY CINEMA LISTINGS MARCH 4 TO MARCH 10 was last modified: March 4th, 2011 by gregShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
“The basic design rules relating the regulation of cellular function to genomic structure is of broad interest,” begin three Cornell microbiologists writing in PNAS,1 and so they have turned their attention to the smallest theoretical living cell:A �minimal cell� is a hypothetical cell possessing the minimum functions required for sustained growth and reproduction in a maximally supportive culture environment. This organism is considered to live in a rich environment with preformed nutrients and relatively constant temperature and pH.The smallest known independently-living organism, Mycoplasma genitalium, has 580 kilobase pairs of DNA. Most prior estimates for the smallest theoretical cell arrived at 262 genes or more. Early investigators started by studying proteins and their functions. These researchers took a different tack:We propose a reverse approach. We ask how we would design a cell to achieve expected functions and, from that design, how we would write the genomic instructions. This approach follows the typical engineering design approach where desired performance dictates functional design, which is then translated into blueprints.By evaluating which genes seem to overlap and sorting out genes that have similar functions, this team got the number of genes down to only 12, accomplishing 11 essential functions. “It is certainly possible that a smaller set of genes might be found,” they say, “but we believe that the set of functions is minimal.” This theoretical lower limit does not, of course, mean that such an entity could be found or constructed, or if it were, that it could survive and reproduce; their model only “permits growth from preformed nucleotides precursors and has complete nucleotide pathways.”1Castellanos, Wilson and Shuler, “A modular minimal cell model: Purine and pyrimidine transport and metabolism,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0400962101 (published online before print April 16, 2004).Their model is little more than a thought experiment. It imagines “pseudochemical species (or modules) that are aggregates of distinct chemical species that share similar chemistry and metabolic dynamics.” What they try to do is theorize how simple a cell can be to exist and model it in a computer, not in the real world. It’s kind of like designing a minimal airplane that could fly around the world without refueling, assuming there is constant temperature and no wind. When the actual Voyager flew, it involved many engineering and physiological challenges that required even more intelligent design than a simple, heavier airplane. These authors do not attempt to imagine that their theoretical cell would actually be viable. It’s only a theoretical organism, a little better fleshed out than the fake computer organisms of Adami and Lenski. The authors do not imply that such an entity was a precursor to complex life. For one thing, their model required pre-existing nucleotides and other ingredients not easy to come by in an organic soup, and assumed unrealistic constant temperature and pH conditions: in essence, they imagined a little garden of Eden for these theoretical cells, not a primitive hostile environment of crashing waves, hot vents, ice ages or meteor impacts. For another, “This observation reminds us of one of the important challenges for comparative genomics,” they mention in their conclusion: “nonorthologous gene displacements (same function being performed by unrelated or very distantly related nonorthologous proteins).” While this observation encourages them that “A conserved core of functions with a single, ubiquitous solution certainly exists” (theoretically, in the computer), the fact is that real life has a non-overlapping universal set of 80 genes, and the three kingdoms utilize very different proteins for some similar functions. This is undoubtedly a reflection of their different habitats and environments. Are we expected to believe that each of the three kingdoms evolved their own quasi-miraculous solutions to functional requirements independently, on repeated occasions, without brains? While the authors consider it “certainly possible” that someone might get the number down below 12 essential genes, they think their set of 11 functions is a rock-bottom minimum. It won’t help origin-of-life researchers anyway. Forget getting 12, or 80, or 256 genes: getting just one is out of the question (see our online book). On Saturday, Dr. Kurt Durston at the Biola ID conference presented his calculations on the information content of a cell. He said that a minimal cell needs 75,000 bits of information, and showed mathematically that evolutionary selection could not proceed in jumps greater than 90 bits. Even if it required only one tenth of that, 7500 bits, it’s just not going to happen by chance, even with natural selection’s help. We agree with the authors: “The basic design rules relating the regulation of cellular function to genomic structure is of broad interest.”(Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Here’s how the post described some of the tests:With the timber structure fully protected by gypsum wallboard, a “large furnishings and contents fire” was halted after three hours “without significant charring on the protected wood surfaces” of the apartment. In another test, some timber walls were left exposed. Once the furnishings and contents of the apartment had been consumed by fire, a protective layer of char formed on the CLT and “the mass timber surfaces essentially self-extinguished.”With all mass timber surfaces left exposed, a single sprinkler “easily contained” the fire. In a related test, the fire was allowed to grow for 23 minutes before the water was turned on, “which quickly controlled the fire.”Finally, with roughly 30% of the CLT ceiling area in the living room and bedroom exposed, the fire essentially put itself out once the furnishings and contents of the room had been consumed by fire. The underlying wood was protected by a layer of char during the four-hour test.Mass timber buildings, made with heavy panels of cross-laminated wood, are an alternative to more conventional steel and concrete high-rise structures. A few large commercial buildings have been constructed in the U.S. and elsewhere with CLT components, as well as a house in southern Canada described in an ongoing blog series at GBA (see Wolfe Island Passive House).Proponents point to a number of advantages of mass timber buildings, including faster construction schedules, lower cost, and a smaller carbon footprint. But the approach has yet to be used widely, in part because mass timber construction is still being evaluated by code officials.Separately, the Woodworking Network said a two-story CLT building is being tested on a special shake table at the University of California San Diego to see how it would handle forces produced by a 6.7 magnitude earthquake, the same as the 1994 Northridge quake in the Los Angeles area. The test, led by the Colorado School of Mines, will help engineers determine whether quake-resistant CLT buildings could be as tall as 20 stories, the website said. Tests evaluated flame spreadThe tests involved two 1-bedroom apartments constructed as if they were in a multi-story apartment building. Scenarios included different arrangements in which some timber surfaces were exposed directly to flames and others were protected. RELATED ARTICLES A New Timber Tower Opens in MinneapolisCross-Laminated Timber Condos Planned in PortlandCan Wood Replace Concrete and Steel in Skyscrapers?Georgia City Bucks Wood High-Rise TrendWolfe Island Passive House Tests at a federal laboratory suggest that cross-laminated timber (CLT) components used in a multi-story apartment building would perform well in the event of a fire. A post at the Woodworking Network described a variety of tests conducted at the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) Fire Research Laboratory for a committee of the International Code Council. Results appear to show that buildings constructed of CLT components would resist the spread of fire.The results are of interest to an ICC ad hoc committee that will recommend building code changes later in the year, Stephen DiGiovanni, the committee chairman, told the Woodworking Network. “These tests are an important part of the extensive research data the committee has reviewed to validate the performance of tall wood buildings,” he said.
The IBI Summer of Service (SOS) application period is open from April 2 to 30, 2019. Students matriculating to colleges and/or universities are invited to submit their application to execute service and be rewarded with full-time and/or pat-time scholarships and other support towards their educational development.The Summer of Service (SOS) is a competition conceptualized, developed and executed by the I Believe Initiative (IBI), an arm of the Governor-General’s Programme for Excellence (GGPE). It is a programme which will be executed over a four (4) month period April – August 2019.Participants are required to seek permission from the authority of an established organization (governmental, non-governmental, religious and service clubs etc.) to provide their voluntary service. Once approved students are asked to complete the requisite documents posted on www.ggpe.org.jm and submit a scanned copy of the registration form to [email protected] by the required time.The shortlisted candidates will be notified to commence executing their service. At the end of the voluntary service period of 8 weeks (96hrs in total) depending on performance, the students will be rewarded with full-time and/or part-time scholarships, grants, book vouchers and or other educational support to further their programme of study.The Summer of Service (SOS) Programme aims to increase volunteerism among the Jamaican youth. Since its inception in 2013, beneficiaries of this competition have commented that as a result of the SOS they have continued to volunteer and learnt positive values such as determination and persistence.TARGET AUDIENCE: The Summer of Service Competition is highly dependent on partnerships for its execution and the achieving of its objectives. This year we are seeking to partner with NGOs, Service Clubs, Religious and Community organizations. The participants will volunteer with these organizations as part of the competition.As in the past five (5) years we are also seeking sponsorship from Corporate Jamaica. Once a corporate entity partners with the IBI the positive message is sent in all promotional efforts that they are collaborating with the Governor-General in reaching out to youth to help direct them to a brighter future.