ZimRe Property Investments Limited (ZPI.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Property sector has released it’s 2013 annual report.For more information about ZimRe Property Investments Limited (ZPI.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the ZimRe Property Investments Limited (ZPI.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: ZimRe Property Investments Limited (ZPI.zw) 2013 annual report.Company ProfileZimre Property Investments is a real estate holding company in Zimbabwe offering services which include project management of residential and commercial developments, aswell as management, valuations and sales of residential, commercial and industrial property. The company has been involved in substantial infrastructural development projects including 340 residential stands in Zimre Park in Masvingo and the Parklands Extension project in Bulawayo, which involved developing 140 residential stands and road, water, electricity and sewer reticulation infrastructure. The Property Valuation division covers the range of residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural valuations; specialising in valuating petrol filling stations, hotels and leisure resorts aswell as plant and machinery valuations. Zimre Property Investments is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Flour Mills Nigeria PLC (FLOURM.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Food sector has released it’s 2015 annual report.For more information about Flour Mills Nigeria PLC (FLOURM.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Flour Mills Nigeria PLC (FLOURM.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Flour Mills Nigeria PLC (FLOURM.ng) 2015 annual report.Company ProfileFlour Mills Nigeria Plc is a flour milling company in Nigeria with business interests in food production, packaging, agricultural industries, port operations and logistics and real estate. The company manufactures and sells past, noodle, edible oil and refined sugar as well as livestock feeds; supplies fertiliser; manufactures and markets laminated woven polypropylene sacks and flexible packing material; and grows and processes sugar cane, oil palm, fresh tropical fruit, poultry and cassava. Business interests in ports operations and logistics include operating Terminal A and B at the Apapa port and offering customs clearing, forwarding and shipping agents and logistics services. Flour Mills Nigeria Plc owns and manages real estate in Nigeria. The company is a subsidiary of Excelsior Shipping Company Limited. Its head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Flour Mills Nigeria Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange
I’d buy these 10 UK shares now to get rich in the stock market recovery I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Enter Your Email Address The high-calibre small-cap stock flying under the City’s radar Harvey Jones | Monday, 7th December, 2020 I’d also consider this. Harvey Jones has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Barclays, Hargreaves Lansdown, and Lloyds Banking Group. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Click here to claim your copy of this special investment report — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top Small-Cap Stock… free of charge! Image source: Getty Images Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. UK shares are on the up, as the recent vaccine breakthrough signals a brighter 2021. History shows that stock markets always recover strongly following a crash like the one we have seen this year, and I’m hoping for a positive performance of the FTSE 100 and FTSE 250.A good way to take advantage is to buy a spread of high-quality UK companies while their share prices are still relatively cheap. The aim should be to hold on for the long term, in order to generate dividend income and growth. This should also help overcome further short-term volatility.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Here are 10 UK shares I would look to buy right now, to get rich when the recovery comes.I’d target these UK shares nowFirst, I would target either BP or Royal Dutch Shell, because if the world starts moving again, it will also start consuming more fuel. That will drive up the oil price, and these two FTSE 100 listed oil majors will benefit. Yes, they have to fund a shift towards renewable energy, but their fossil fuel earnings aren’t going to dry up overnight.I think the global economy could snap back pretty quickly from what is actually an artificial depression, mandated by government lockdowns. If that is the case, demand for metals and minerals will soar. I think the best way to play this trend is to buy FTSE 100 listing mining giant such as BHP Group and Rio Tinto. Like BP and Shell, these UK-listed shares both offer attractive yields.If stock markets recover next year, that will benefit companies with direct exposure to the ups and downs of equities. That’s why I’d also look at buying investment platforms AJ Bell and Hargreaves Lansdown. Investors are sitting on a pile of cash after this year, and if they direct a chunk of that into UK shares, these two should see hefty inflows.The stock market recovery will comeIncredibly, house prices are soaring in this difficult year, rising 6.5% in the year to 30 November, according to Nationwide. That is due to a range of factors including record low interest rates, pent-up demand, Chancellor Rishi Sunak’s stamp duty holiday, and government support schemes such as Help to Buy. A great way to play this is to invest in the shares of UK housebuilders, such as Barratt Developments and Berkeley Group Holdings.Finally, I would look at the big banks. They have had a rotten decade since the financial crisis, but that put them in good stead for the pandemic, by forcing them to strengthen their balance sheets.If the UK goes gangbusters next year I think Barclays and Lloyds Banking Group could both rally strongly. Their share prices have both jumped by more than a third in the last month alone. Yet they aren’t expensive, trading at around 10 to 11 times earnings. I’d buy these two UK banking shares today, and hope they restore their dividends sooner rather than later. See all posts by Harvey Jones Adventurous investors like you won’t want to miss out on what could be a truly astonishing opportunity…You see, over the past three years, this AIM-listed company has been quietly powering ahead… rewarding its shareholders with generous share price growth thanks to a carefully orchestrated ‘buy and build’ strategy.And with a first-class management team at the helm, a proven, well-executed business model, plus market-leading positions in high-margin, niche products… our analysts believe there’s still plenty more potential growth in the pipeline.Here’s your chance to discover exactly what has got our Motley Fool UK investment team all hot-under-the-collar about this tiny £350+ million enterprise… inside a specially prepared free investment report.But here’s the really exciting part… right now, we believe many UK investors have quite simply never heard of this company before!
Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector Albany, NY TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Rector Knoxville, TN Advocacy Peace & Justice, Israel-Palestine, Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Tags Featured Jobs & Calls Father Ron Smith says: Middle East In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Featured Events Submit an Event Listing By Lynette WilsonPosted Dec 25, 2012 Associate Rector Columbus, GA Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs The Very Rev. Hosam Naoum, dean of the St. George’s Cathedral, Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori and Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem Suheil S. Dawani, during Midnight Mass on Christmas Eve at the Cathedral Church of St. George the Martyr in Jerusalem. ENS Photo/Lynette Wilson[Episcopal News Service – Jerusalem] “A child is born, a prince of peace who will establish justice, here and around this earth. He will be guide and counselor, a ruler to lead us in paths of peace, who will break down walls and make the path straight,” said Presiding Bishop Katharine Jefferts Schori in her Christmas Eve sermon.“The prophet promises a prince of peace who will burn all the combat boots and bloodied uniforms, stoking a fire to light the way toward justice and peace.”The presiding bishop preached during Midnight Mass at the Cathedral Church of St. George the Martyr in Jerusalem; Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem Suheil S. Dawani presided over the Dec. 24 service attended by more than 150 people. The Very Rev. Hosam Naoum, dean of the cathedral, and Bishop James Magness, the Episcopal Church’s bishop suffragan for federal ministries, were among those assisting. [The full text of the sermon is available here. A video follows.][ooyala code=”l4dmh1NzrD9XkS3kBGXzrL8Onnd9CbaK”]Earlier, Jefferts Schori and Dawani attended Lessons and Carols services both at the YMCA Field of the Shepherds in Beit Sahour and the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, both in territories under control of the Palestinian Authority. The service in Bethlehem was attended in part by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and Prime Minister Salam Fayyad.The Very Rev. Hosam Naoum, dean of the St. George’s Cathedral, Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem Suheil S. Dawani and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas during a service of Lessons and Carols at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem on Dec. 24. ENS Photo/Lynette WilsonThe world the prophet promised, one of peace and justice, “still feels a long way off,” the presiding bishop told the Midnight Mass congregation at St. George’s Cathedral, a center of global pilgrimage and home to two congregations: the indigenous Palestinian Anglicans, often called the “Living Stones,” and a community of expatriate English-speaking members.“More than 2000 years later we are still waiting and hoping and yearning for that light to banish the darkness once and for all, and deliver us from the long night. We gather on this night to celebrate the kindling of that light in human flesh – in the birth of the Holy One among us,” she said. “We are here to remember and discover again the light that burns bright in the darkness, a light the darkness did not put out – not in this land so many years ago, nor through the years since. The darkness did not prevail; it will not and cannot overcome the light of Christ. The light continues to burn through trials and migrations, wars and plagues, political machinations and death. The light is here this night, burning still in human hearts set ablaze by God.“The Holy One comes among us in light and darkness, when we are most in need and despair, as well as in rejoicing. God is here, Emmanuel,” she said.In his Christmas message delivered at the Church of the Nativity earlier in the day, Dawani expressed his hope for an end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and for an agreement of a two-state solution in which a secure and universally recognized state of Israel lives alongside a free, viable, and secure state for the Palestinian people, with a shared Jerusalem as the capital of both. He said that he hopes for a time when all people can live life in fullness. As it is now, he said, those who live in fullness have locked the doors on the others.“Such a system plunges all of us into darkness,” Dawani said. “All of us are deserving of peace and justice … to sit in the shade of our own dreams.”Matthew Gould, the British Ambassador to Israel, and Sir Vincent Fean, the British Consul General in Jerusalem, also attended the service at the Church of the Nativity, with Fean reading the first lesson, Isaiah 9: 2; 6–7. The Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Jordan, whose seat is in Bethlehem, hosted the Anglican service at St. George’s Orthodox Chapel. And Jordan’s foreign minister also attended part of the service.The Church of the Nativity is located in an area previously controlled by Jordan, which has historically played a role in protecting holy sites; the Palestinian president annually attends services on Christmas Eve at the church to express support for the Christian community, explained the Rev. Yazid Said, a Palestinian Anglican priest and scholar in residence at Tantur Ecumenical Institute in Jerusalem.Thousands of pilgrims from around the world gathered in Manger Square outside the Church of the Nativity in a festival atmosphere of lights, music and other entertainment, in advance of Midnight Mass.An outdoor service of Lessons and Carols at the YMCA Field of the Shepherds in Beit Sahour, West Bank, drew close to 250 people, including some 150 Nigerian Christians. ENS Photo/Lynette WilsonIn the West Bank’s Beit Sehour, in early evening, the outdoor service of Lessons and Carols drew close to 250 people, including some 150 Nigerian Christians.“Coming here to Shepherds Fields we have placed ourselves within the content and concept of St. Luke’s Gospel reading. We are perhaps as close as physically possible to the original location Luke speaks about, and this setting helps us to soak in what happened here more than 2,000 years ago when Mary gave birth to Jesus Christ,“ said Dawani in his service.Jeffers Schori read Luke 2:8-14 and Magness participated in the prayers.The presiding bishop is visiting Israel and the Palestinian Territories at the invitation of Dawani. She is accompanied by Magness, with whom she visited U.S. Navy personnel stationed in Italy prior to arriving in Israel.At the beginning of his Christmas Day sermon at St. George’s Cathedral, Dawani welcomed the presiding bishop and explained to the congregation that the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem and the U.S.-based Episcopal Church have had a long and important relationship. He thanked the Episcopal Church for its “steadfast” and “generous” support.Then he reminded those present of their proximity, just a few miles from where Jesus was born, and that the incarnation is consistent with mankind’s need for liberation.“The Christ child born in Bethlehem, we are with him and in him we are the holy people and we stand on holy ground,” he said.The Holy Land needs peace and justice, two things all three Abrahamic religions teach, he said.“The Holy Land can and must be a model for peace and justice in the whole world,” said Dawani.— Lynette Wilson is an editor/reporter for Episcopal News Service. Submit a Press Release Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Rector Hopkinsville, KY Youth Minister Lorton, VA Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Shreveport, LA AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Christmas in the Land of the Holy One ‘Light shines in the darkness,’ presiding bishop says in Christmas Eve sermon Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Press Release Service December 26, 2012 at 2:50 am It is very fitting that the Holy Land should be the focus of our attention at this time. The visit of the TEC Presiding bishop, and her thought-provoking message during the Christmas celebrations, brings to mind the fact that Peace in Israel and Palestine would be the most inspirational foundation for the porcess of peace-making in other parts of our troubled world. Thank God for Bishop Katharine! Rector Belleville, IL Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector Bath, NC The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Director of Music Morristown, NJ Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Comments (2) December 25, 2012 at 4:20 pm And may it be so. Rector Smithfield, NC Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Collierville, TN Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Linda Gelbrich says: Rector Tampa, FL Comments are closed. Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Curate Diocese of Nebraska Submit a Job Listing Rector Washington, DC Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Rector Pittsburgh, PA Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Rector Martinsville, VA Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC
Houses Projects Photographs Save this picture!© Marc Detiffe+ 28 Share “COPY” CopyAbout this officeL’Escaut + Atelier GigogneOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBrusselsHousingRefurbishmentBelgiumPublished on August 30, 2011Cite: “Cheval Noir Housing with Artist’s Studios / L’Escaut + Atelier Gigogne” 30 Aug 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
In early December, with nearly a month to go, 2015 had already become the biggest year ever for global mergers and acquisitions, valued at the mind-boggling sum of $4.3 trillion. At this pace, the Wall Street Journal predicts that the merger level will reach $4.7 trillion by the end of the year.“Bankers call them ‘elephant deals’ — blockbusting takeover bids that slam together vast global businesses. And when the corporate history books are written, 2015 will be remembered as the year of the elephant.” (theguardian.com, Dec. 12)It should be telling to the “wizards” of high finance on Wall Street that the last time the rate of capitalist mergers hit such a fever pitch was in 2007, on the eve of the Great Recession. However, investment bankers have raked in $21 billion so far on “advising” fees for these takeovers. They do not care to look beyond their immediate bottom line.These merger bids are indeed staggering. The drug maker Pfizer announced a $160 billion deal with botox maker Allergan. Oil giant Shell is acquiring BG Group for $81 billion. Anheuser Busch is bidding some $117 billion to buy Miller Brewing.And on Dec. 11, U.S. chemical giants Dow and DuPont announced a $130 billion merger deal.Billionaire investor Warren Buffett has gotten in on the action, with a $32 billion takeover bid for the industrial components group Precision Castparts.This merger and acquisition trend provides windfall profits for bankers and corporate owners alike, but it spells disaster for millions of workers both here and abroad — because a major factor driving mergers is to shed jobs.DuPont, for example, expects to lay off 10 percent of its global workforce because of the merger with Dow. The Wall Street Journal, describing this deal, headlined its article: “Dow-DuPont Merger: Better Living Through Layoffs.” (wsj.com, Dec. 9) While it seems to amuse the Journal’s headline writer, it’s no laughing matter to those losing their jobs.Wave of layoffsSome 200,000 oil workers in the U.S. have already been laid off over the last year because of the worldwide glut of oil. Now oil-drilling giants like Schlumberger, which is acquiring Cameron International, announced on Dec. 1 that it intends to “further reduce its workforce.”Drug companies, grocery chains, brewers, airlines, computer makers — workers in all these merger-frenzied industries face massive job losses.What’s behind this wave of mergers and acquisitions?The Wall Street Journal, renowned mouthpiece for the U.S. capitalist class, is quite explicit: “The economy at large isn’t producing enough growth to keep stockholders content. For the largest companies — who are more or less indexed directly to U.S. and global growth — there is little they can do but keep cutting costs. … Eventually, this takes the form of mergers, and 2015 has produced over $4 trillion of transactions. The vast majority of them are ‘in industry,’ which is banker-ese for cost-cutting exercises.”And “cost-cutting exercises” is boss-ese for layoffs.Writing in 1916 during World War I, Vladimir Lenin, in his groundbreaking work “Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism,” described how capitalist economists claimed that the trend toward monopolies and cartels was going to somehow end the “boom and bust” cycles and bring stability to the capitalist system. “The statement that cartels can abolish crises is a fable spread by bourgeois economists who at all costs desire to place capitalism in a favorable light. On the contrary, the monopoly created in certain branches of industry increases and intensifies the anarchy inherent in capitalist production as a whole,” he wrote.As millions of workers already reckon with a stagnant economy, cutbacks in services, staggering student debt and the replacement of better-paying jobs with those at minimum wage, this new wave of corporate takeovers is very ominous. The establishment’s current array of political office seekers, Republican or Democratic, can offer no solutions at all. Only a revolutionary movement by the workers, youth and oppressed communities to create a “people before profit” social system can overcome this bleak future offered by Wall Street.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Business News Pasadena’s Department of Public Works is setting up another pick-up location for its free Mulch Give-Away Program starting this month due a rising demand.Beginning on June 19, Robinson Park located at 1081 North Fair Oaks Avenue will open its south parking lot for the program. This is now in addition to the ongoing program at Victoria Park on 2575 East Paloma St.Assistant City Manager Julie A. Gutierrez reported in a memo to City Manager Michael Beck that the program, which provides residents the opportunity to pick up free mulch for landscaping and gardening purposes, “has been so successful that demand often exceeds the material that is available.”“Mulch does more than help your garden grow! Mulch helps to control weeds, retains moisture in the soil and adds a finishing touch to garden landscapes,” Gutierrez said in announcing the expansion of the program. “By mulching and re-purposing tree trimmings from Pasadena street trees, we divert material from our landfill and reduce carbon emissions from truck trips to the landfill.”Dates for the Robinson Park program are June 19, July 31, August 28, September 25 and October 23, 2015. Residents will have access to free mulch during park hours from 6:00 a.m. through 10:00 p.m. or while supplies last.Victoria Park’s mulch pick-up point at the southeast corner of the parking lot will be open on July 17, August 14, September 11 and October 9, from 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m.More information about the Mulch Give-Away Program is available on this website, http://www.cityofpasadena.net/PublicWorks/mulchrecycling, which includes a list of dates and the addresses of the two distribution areas. The Pasadena Citizen Service Center at (626) 744-7311 may also provide information.Interested residents are advised to bring a shovel, containers, gloves and eye protection to take advantage of the program. Government City Expands Successful Free Mulch Give-Away Published on Friday, June 12, 2015 | 12:08 pm Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Herbeauty10 Celebrity Body Parts Insured For Ridiculous AmountsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Lies You Should Stop Telling Yourself Right NowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat Is It That Actually Makes French Women So Admirable?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWhat To Do When You’re Not Able To Choose Between Two GuysHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeauty Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Community News Make a comment Top of the News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Community News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website 4 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena More Cool Stuff Subscribe
Top StoriesRight To Professional Education, Though Not Fundamental Right, Is Not Govt. Largesse; State Has Affirmative Obligation To Facilitate Access At All Levels: SC Mehal Jain13 April 2021 7:32 AMShare This – x”Financial hardship should not prevent the students from getting admission in terms of the allocation which has been made in their favour legitimately under the central pool seats”.Supreme Court has recently observed that the State has an affirmative obligation to facilitate access to education, at all levels.”While the right to pursue higher (professional) education has not been spelt out as a fundamental right in Part III of the Constitution, it bears emphasis that access to professional education is not a governmental largesse. Instead, the State has an…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginSupreme Court has recently observed that the State has an affirmative obligation to facilitate access to education, at all levels.”While the right to pursue higher (professional) education has not been spelt out as a fundamental right in Part III of the Constitution, it bears emphasis that access to professional education is not a governmental largesse. Instead, the State has an affirmative obligation to facilitate access to education, at all levels”, The bench of Justices D. Y. Chandrachud and M. R. Shah was considering writ petitions by two students, namely, Farzana Batool and Mohammad Mehdi Waziri for directions to facilitate them to be admitted respectively at the Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi and the Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi in terms of the policy and guidelines issued by the Govt. of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare through its Office Memorandum dated 9th April 2020 on allocation of Ladakh Central Pool Seats in MBBS/BDS courses for 2020-21. “We will in the course of this judgment deal of course with the grievance of the two students. But we intend to deal with the issue on a systemic basis so that other students who may lack resources, or simply the knowledge about legal remedies, are not deprived of education”, said the bench at the outset. The bench on Friday directed that the admission process in respect of these two writ petitioners be confirmed within 1 week. With a view to obviate the hardship of moving the Supreme Court, the bench also directed that the other 7 candidates, selected and nominated for the Central Pool Medical Seats (as named in the notification of February 19 issued by the Director of Health Services, Ladakh), be also granted admission to the concerned institutions, if not already given so far. “We are issuing these general directions in order to obviate the possibility of each of the similarly placed students being required to move this Court. Financial hardship should not prevent the students from getting admission in terms of the allocation which has been made in their favor legitimately under the central pool seats”, remarked the bench.Given that the issue raised in this case concerned access to education, albeit at the professional level, the bench took this opportunity to underscore the importance of creating an enabling environment to make it possible for students such as the petitioners to pursue professional education.”This obligation (of the State) assumes far greater importance for students whose background (by virtue of such characteristics as caste, class, gender, religion, disability and geographical region) imposes formidable obstacles on their path to accessing quality education”, reflected the bench.The bench referred to the observations of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, formed to monitor the implementation of International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which was ratified by India in 1979. The Committee also issued ‘General Comment(s)’, which function as interpretative tools for the various provisions of the Covenant. “Indeed, as the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (“ICESCR Committee”) notes in General Comment 13, ‘As an empowerment right, education is the primary vehicle by which economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves out of poverty and obtain the means to participate fully in their communities'”, reads the order penned by Justice Chandrachud.The bench has appreciated that Article 26(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which is a source of persuasive value, obligates every State Party to ensure that technical and professional education is made generally available and that higher education is equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. The bench notes that in its General Comment 13, the ICESCR committee outlined four essential features that education at all levels must possess. Pertinently, one such feature is ‘accessibility’. Two of the components of accessibility highlighted by the ICESCR Committee bear emphasis. First, the guarantee of non-discrimination, in relation to which it notes that, “education must be accessible to all, especially the most vulnerable groups, in law and fact, without discrimination on any of the prohibited grounds”. Second, economic accessibility, meaning that the state party must take steps to ensure that financial constraints do not come in the way of accessing education.”The ICESCR Committee pertinently notes that disparities in spending policies that result in differing qualities of education for persons residing in different geographic locations may constitute discrimination under the Covenant. Each state party is required, inter alia, to fulfill the right to education, by facilitating and providing for its realization”, says the order.Pursuant to these obligations which India has undertaken by being a signatory to the Covenant, the bench has required that the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Director of Health Services, Ladakh shall ensure proper co-ordination so that students allocated colleges under the central pool seats are not put to hardship in enrolling once they have been duly allocated their seats. “Specifically, the Union MHFW and the DHSL can consider appointing a nodal officer tasked with the responsibility of ensuring that students who are duly nominated under the central pool seats are in fact admitted in their chosen course of study. Such an officer can serve as a one-point contact for students who may otherwise face numerous difficulties in securing their admission, even after they have been allocated the seat. The details of such officer can be widely publicized on the websites of the aforesaid two authorities”, recommends the top court.It expressed the opinion that such an institutional framework will ensure that students are not left in the lurch due to lack of help in securing their legitimate admission to the appropriate course. “In this way, it will help remedy the broader problem of which the case before us is a symptom”, said the Court.Farzana Batool Vs Union of India And OthersCitation: LL 2021 SC 213Lawyers For Petitioner(s) Mr. Neeraj Shekhar, AORClick here to download the orderNext Story