RACE 6: Post 3:30 PT. Grade: BUse: 4-Super Duper Cooper; 7-Route Six SixForecast: Route Six Six is improving with racing, breaking his maiden with a sharp number in game style. He has enough early speed to secure a favorable pace-stalking spot in a race that projects to be run at a moderate pace, at best. Super Duper Cooper is strictly the one to beat and is a “must use” as well in rolling exotic play. He’s a first-off-the-claim for Baltas and has every right to improve; however, he’s zero-for-12 lifetime over the Santa Anita main track. Both should be included in rolling exotic play; we’ll have a few extra tickets keying Route Six Six on top. RACE 5: Post 3:00 PT. Grade: B+Single: 7-RafalForecast: Rafal has trained like an excellent prospect for Baffert and should be a short price to graduate at first asking. Everything he’s done in the morning suggests he’ll beat this field, so we’ll make the New York-bred son of Alpha a no-value rolling exotic single. RACE 8: Post 4:30 PT. Grade: C+Use: 1-Raggy Rocks; 7-OutlawForecast: Outlaw once was well regarded and drops to his lowest level ever. He has numbers that will beat this field, but he’s already failed three times as the favorite, so he’s hardly one to trust. Raggy Rocks hasn’t yet mastered the art of breaking from the gate, but if he ever decides to leave with his field he might be quite competitive in this league. Maybe the addition of blinkers today will help. We’ll try to get by using just these two but if you can afford to go deeper, feel free to spread. RACE 2: Post 1:30 PT. Grade: B-Use: 2-Madaket Sunset; 5-Take a Leap; 6-Tiny TinaForecast: Tiny Tina is winless in five starts over the local lawn, but she has a good recent runner-up effort down the hill at this starter’s allowance level and won at this trip last summer at Del Mar. She has good early speed but might be most effective if held up early and allowed to run late. Madaket Sunset is probably more effective sprinting than routing but if she can make the lead without pressure she’ll take this group a long way. Take a Leap closed a gap sprinting in the same race Tiny Tina exits and stretches out today to her preferred trip. She has two prior wins over this course and distance and with only nine career starts probably has room for some improvement. RACE 7: Post 4:00 PT. Grade: B+Use: 1-Epical; 4-Beach ViewForecast: Beach View is a proven marathoner and always has been genuine and consistent. The son of Giant’s Causeway should draft into a comfortable stalking position and then have every chance when the pressure gets turned on in the final furlong. Epical, second in the same race Beach View exits, is the one to fear most. If they hand him the front end, the Cassidy-trained gelding may never look back. Both should be used in rolling exotic play; Beach View probably will be the better price of the two, so we’ll press with him on top. RACE 4: Post 2:30 PT. Grade: B-Use: 4-Holy Moses; 7-Swirling; 8-Dahlia AzulForecast: This grass grab bag down the hill has several possibilities, among them Dahlia Azul, a route-to-spread play from the Bay Area dropping to a realistic level and landing the cozy outside post. She appears more comfortable routing than sprinting, but over this unique course she might be able to produce the last run. Swirling won a five-furlong turf sprint over the flat course in February with a strong late kick; similar tactics likely will be employed today. She has prior numbers that would bury this group but following a win she’s raised only one notch on the class ladder, so the barn clearly isn’t in love with her. Holy Moses has decent recent Phoenix form and has run well here in the past. She should be prominent throughout under Pedroza. The selections contained within are geared to rolling exotic players. The basic strategy is to isolate those horses that should be included in rolling daily doubles, pick-3s, pick-4s, pick-5s, and pick-6.It is recommended that Jeff’s selections be used to augment the reader’s own personal handicapping, though excellent results can be achieved by applying the exact rolling exotic strategy specified by Jeff’s analysis. Jeff’s recommended plays are intended for players with a moderate budget; however, readers are encouraged to adjust Jeff’s wagering strategy to fit their preferred investment level.Unless otherwise noted, all horses listed in the analysis should be used in rolling exotic play. Usually there will no more than three horses listed; occasionally, Jeff will go four-deep in his rolling exotic play and on a very rare occasion he will recommend a “buy the race” strategy.The selections are available every racing day after 9 a.m. (PST). For updates, please follow us on twitter @jsiegelracing.Top selection indicated in bold-face. A=Highest degree of confidence.B=Solid Play.C=Least preferred, or pass.X=likely winner but odds are not likely to offer wagering value.SANTA ANITAFriday, March 29, 2019RACE 1: Post 1:00 PT. Grade: CUse: 3-Ride Out the Storm; 4-Lily Con; 7-Tick TockForecast: The opener is a bottom-rung maiden claiming miler for sophomore fillies. Tick Tock has failed as the choice in her last pair but adds blinkers, is relatively strong in the speed figure department and has hit the board in each of her three career starts. She rates top billing, but at 2-1 on the morning line offers little value. Lily Con drops to the bottom and has the kind of early speed that could make her dangerous. The break in the weights with the switch to bug boy Diaz certainly won’t hurt. Ride Out the Storm is another class dropper likely to improve against this group. She has the two-sprints-and-a-stretch out pattern and a pedigree that should allow her to handle a route. RACE 3: Post 2:00 PT. Grade: C+Use: 2-Buck Duane; 4-Giddymeister; 5-Iron CurtainForecast: This is another wide-open affair that requires a spread in rolling exotic play. We’ll go three-deep but not with a huge degree of confidence. Iron Curtain is racing in solid form and has a good stalking style that should provide him every chance from the top of the lane to the wire. He’s a fit based on speed figures and Quinonez knows him well. Buck Duane has the blinkers off angle that we like but was a voided claim in his last start. He’s also winless in seven starts over the local main track but has finished in the money in his last pair and should at least get a piece of it again today. Giddymeister is re-equipped with blinkers and has a few prior races that could make him dangerous. He broke his maiden over this main track about a year ago, so there’s that.
In the Premier Mixed division, Kamuna will take on Veupunama 1.President of the PNGMMNC Adam Parker said, the games between these two teams have always been close and strongly contested.“Kamuna has proved liable for their win in the preliminary final game last week after knocking out Mona to secure the grand final spot and they looked tough and fit to claim this year’s premier mixed title,” Parker said.“But there’s nothing compared to a good team with good team spirit, players combination and fast foot agility like the Veupunama’s.”Parker added that it will be a game to watch in these grand final matches.Meanwhile, BSP 2 will face PNGFP in the Social A mixed division title while the Social B mixed division will be between a very determined Graffitti side against the top Lasi 2 lineup in a most head busting clash.PNG Mixed and Men’s Netball Association grand final draws:6.30pm SOCIAL B Grand FinalLASI 2 vs GRAFITTI7.15pm SOCIAL A Grand FinalPNGFP vs VEUPUNAMA 28.00pm PREMIER MIXED Grand FinalVEUPUNAMA 1 vs KAMUNA
OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Nonito Donaire vs Naoya Inoue is BWAA 2019 Fight of the Year Jaja wants more from self, NU after opening day win over Adamson Corpus Christi, Texas—For revered promoter Bob Arum, Jerwin Ancajas reaching the level of success Manny Pacquiao has attained will be too much to ask.Even then, however, the 86-year-old boxing Hall of Famer, believes Ancajas is destined for greatness like his idol and benefactor.“If he (Ancajas) will be able to achieve mini-half of what Manny has achieved, I’d be very happy,” said Arum, who has signed the International Boxing Federation champion to a six-fight contract under his Top Rank Promotions, on Friday.Ancajas caught Arum’s discerning eyes when he fought in the undercard of Pacquiao’s ill-fated defense of the World Boxing Organization welterweight crown in Brisbane, Australia, in July last year.That time, Ancajas stopped Japanese Teiru Kinoshita in the second defense of his 115-pound title.“He’s a really nice kid. Humble and kind just like Manny. And he could really fight.“His life story is somewhat epic like Manny and is dedicated as a fighter. He has the Manny pedigree.”If Ancajas wins impressively, Arum has grand plans for MP Promotions’ first world champion.Apart from more lucrative purses, Top Rank is bent on pitting him against the talent-laden division’s best like World Boxing Organization king Naoya Inoue of Japan and World Boxing Council titlist Srisaket Sor Runvisai of Thailand.ADVERTISEMENT Newsome sets focus on helping Bolts open new PBA season on right track Nueva Ecija warehouse making fake cigarettes raided, 29 Chinese workers nabbed Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Michael Porter Jr. stays patient as playing time increases Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ’a duplicitous move’ – Lacson FEATURED STORIESSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folk MOST READ Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina View comments LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Almazan vows to comeback stronger after finals heartbreak
Dear Editor,With reference to the letter in another section of the media on April 4, 2018, by Lalman Ramsundar about the person who will be the presidential candidate for the People’s Progressive Party (PPP) in 2020 is something that should be decided by the Executive and Central Committee of the PPP.The leadership of the PPP has numerous presidential candidates who are fit and proper but Jagdeo is the only person who has the popularity for a landslide victory at the 2020 elections.Ramsundar should know that at any congress, delegates votes for the leaders to the Central Committee of the PPP so to accuse Bharrat Jagdeo of political interference is just another method of creating mischief among the leadership and memberships.The attack on Gail Teixeira, a senior executive member of the PPP, indicates that this so-called political campaigner is either a People’s National Congress activist or a devious deceptive wicked so-called PPP detractor trying to sway or confuse the people’s minds from the only hope in the 2020 elections that is a victory for the PPP.Irrespective of who may succeed, Jagdeo if the Third term case goes against him, it would be a challenge not to have Jagdeo as part of an ‘A team’ that would assure the voters that Jagdeo – who is considered to be the saviour or the “Mahatma Gandhi” of the Guyanese people, would guarantee voters a comprehensive recovery and rebuild Guyana. Lalman Ramsundar must also know that at the last elections in 2015 when Jagdeo started to campaign with the PPP, the polls had the PPP in the high 3’s which was about three months before the elections. But because of the aggressive campaign by Bharrat Jagdeo and the PPP, the election was declared a loss by a just a few thousand votes by the Guyana Elections Commission. Let me also remind Ramsundar that Jagdeo as the General Secretary of the PPP has renewed hopes in leadership, the membership and to a wider extent, the Guyanese people, that the PPP is the only political party that has what it takes to rebuild Guyana and ensure that democracy prevails once again.Numerous persons may have their choices who they would like to be their presidential hopefuls but Ramsundar should remember that creating mischief among the leadership of the PPP would not guarantee him his favourite choice, because there is a democratic system within their PPP to ensure that the most suitable person is being chosen by the Executive And Central Committee of the PPP. Bharrat Jagdeo is a symbol of the PPP that would assure voters that with his successful leadership (as was evident under his leadership as President) Guyanese would be happy once again after the PPP victory in the 2020 Regional and General elections.Sincerely,Zamal Hussain
Emancipation message at Den AmstelPresident David Granger on Sunday called on residents of Den Amstel Village, West Coast Demerara (WCD), to take up the mantle and continue to build strong villages, through the upholding of the four historical pillars of success.These pillars he laid out, are family, religion, education and gainful means of employment, especially in the area of agriculture.President Granger was at the time speaking at the West Coast Demerara Group of Congregational Churches and the Religious Community of Den Amstel’s Inter-Denominational Independence and Emancipation Service, which was held at the Ebenezer Congregational Church in the village. He said that emancipation saw the development of new societies, which were established through village movements.“That Emancipation movement led to other movements. It led to the village movement and last year I passed an order so that November 7 of every year is commemorated as the National Day of Villages. It is not a holiday but stamps have been issued and it is to be observed as the day when our first village, Victoria, was established. That of course led to hundreds of other villages and village movements and that includes, of course, Den Amstel”, the Head of State said.He noted that emancipation was important since it triggered all of the movements that followed: “I’ve often said that these villages, which were established on the coastland, were the single most economic, social and political development in the history of our country.”Homes, the President said, play an important role in every village, since these are responsible for families, for the teaching of values and the moulding of mind and character.“First of all, it’s the home because there were no homes on the plantations. People couldn’t marry and even if you had a partner, she could be sent to Wakenaam, your children could be sent to Bagotville. Family life was not permitted.”He said after emancipation, persons returned and reconnected with their wives and children.“So that they could build and that is why they had to get off those plantations, so that they can build homes. That was the first pillar on which these villages were built. Family and homes and keeping the family together and we must never forget that. Every child belongs in a home,” the President said.Places of worship, especially churches, during those days, also played a critical role in the establishment of villages since they set a foundation of strong morals, educated the young and helped to shape their future.“The second pillar was the church and that is why I am so fond of the Congregational Church because they were on the scene, they took the licks, they took the persecution, they stood by to freed Africans and gave them support,” Granger remarked.Education, which was in many ways linked to religious education, played a critical role in the development of villages and President Granger said that it continues to be important to the development of all communities and the country.“Schools were the third pillar of which the villages were built, and yes, some people did leave the sugar cane plots to go to school and that’s why after Emancipation, so many of our teachers, our pastors, were educated people,” he said.The President, who has been pushing an ‘Every Child in School’ policy since his assumption to office, called on all residents to make that policy their personal responsibility in a cooperative effort to stamp out illiteracy, truancy and delinquency, so that the villages, communities and ultimately the country, can benefit from young, bright minds, to drive the economy forward.The fourth pillar is the farm or investments in agriculture, which are necessary for food security, not just for the villages, but the country as a whole. Persons must be encouraged to become entrepreneurs so that farming initiatives in the villages can prosper, the President said.According to Granger “integration started with these villages where there were homes, schools and farms and those were the four pillars on which these villages were established and when you shake those pillars, the house will fall. When you shake the home, the school, the church, the farm, the villages will collapse because you will have nothing to rest on… We have to plan, to perform and produce.”Right Reverend Valeska Austin from the Den Amstel Ebenezer Congregational Church, in acknowledging the charge given by the President, gave the assurance that the church and the village will work together to ensure that this vision becomes reality.Chairman of the Hague/Blankenburg Neighbourhood Democratic Council, Kenton Hilliman in his brief remarks said the village movement was a tradition started by the freed slaves and is responsible for the establishment of Den Amstel. He noted that he foresees a bright future for the village since every stakeholder will be encouraged to pool their efforts, as in the past, to make the area a success story.
Here’s the top transfer-related stories in Thursday’s newspapers…Manchester United are set to blow Liverpool out of the water in the race to sign Christian Benteke. United will meet the Aston Villa striker’s £32.5m release clause and are confident of closing a deal. (The Sun)Manchester United have told Real Madrid to accept a final bid of £35m for Sergio Ramos – or forget about signing David De Gea in return. (Daily Star)Tottenham are in talks to sell Roberto Soldado to Spanish club Sevilla. Spurs chairman Daniel Levy wants £11million for the striker, who has scored just seven Premier League goals – three of them penalties – since arriving from Valencia in 2013 for £26m. (Daily Mirror)Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger does not want to sell Spanish full-back Nacho Monreal, amid reports from Spain that Athletic Bilbao are close to completing a £7m deal. (Daily Mirror)Everton manager Roberto Martinez says Manchester City target James McCarthy is a “central part of his plans” and will not be sold. (Daily Express)Napoli president Aurelio De Laurentiis insists there is “no chance” star striker Gonzalo Higuain will leave the club this summer. The Argentina forward has been linked with a switch to the Premier League, with Manchester United, Arsenal and Chelsea all mooted to be interested at various points through the summer. (Daily Mirror)Watford are set to continue their squad strengthening for their return to the Premier League with the £3.5m purchase of the Holland winger Steven Berghuis from AZ Alkmaar. (Guardian)Aston Villa are hopeful of completing the signing of Nice defender Jordan Amavi this week after agreeing a fee of around £9m. (Daily Telegraph)Claudio Ranieri could make former West Ham striker Carlton Cole his first signing. Leicester boss Ranieri is weighing up a move for free agent Cole as he knows him from his time in charge at Chelsea. (Daily Mirror)Slaven Bilic has confirmed West Ham are still hoping to sign Alex Song, despite his injury problems. Barcelona midfielder Song could face surgery on an ankle problem and his potential transfer to West Ham has been held up. (Daily Mirror)And here’s the latest talkSPORT.com headlines…Louis van Gaal says Manchester United plan to sell goalkeeper Victor ValdesArsenal defender Nacho Monreal closing in on £6m move to Athletic Bilbao – reportsManchester United and Roma ‘in talks’ to sign Argentina international Sergio Romero on free transferJuventus ready to offer Juan Cuadrado early exit from ChelseaRoma poised to fight off Chelsea interest to land young defenderEverton target Ivan Perisic close to agreeing Inter Milan moveCrystal Palace and Swansea City chase Hull star Dame N’Doye after Besiktas deal falls throughArsenal, Man United and Chelsea target Gonzalo Higuain will NOT leave Napoli, claims club presidentManchester United enter race to land former Manchester City manStuttgart striker to hold talks over future as West Ham linked with swoop
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhicker: Clemson demonstrates that it’s tough to knock out the champ“Unfortunately, what will happen is the same thing with all of these types of programs is that people who have pretty much useless firearms, many of them will not function or are so old to be unsafe, worthless pieces of junk, that will be turned in for a gift card,” said Sam Paredes of Gun Owners of California. “Who can hardly blame somebody for trading in a piece of junk for something of value?” For more news and observations about crime in Los Angeles and the San Fernando Valley, check out the Daily News’ crime blog by clicking here. COMPTON – Guns-for-gift-card exchanges will be held in Compton tomorrow and Sunday in an attempt to reduce gang violence in the city, though the program’s effectiveness has been questioned. People turning in a gun to sheriff’s personnel will receive a $50 gift card to Best Buy, Home Depot, Ralphs or Target. $100 gift cards will be given for each of the first 50 guns turned in. About 400 guns were turned in at a similar exchange in 2005, according to Sgt. Rich Pena of the sheriff’s Compton Station. A figure from last year’s exchanges was not available. In a 2006 interview, the executive director of political committee dedicated to preserving rights of gun owners and electing pro-law enforcement candidates called the guns-for-card exchanges “nothing more than a really nice, feel good measure to try to make people feel like this is a positive step, but the fact of the matter is there is probably minus zero number of criminals who are going to give up their firearms in order to get a gift card.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
THE report into child sex abuse allegations against priests in the Diocese of Derry which includes Inishowen has been published.Again it contains damning evidence of cover-ups – with the report saying that priests accused of molesting kids were moved from parish to parish.The full shocking report can be viewed here: Derry_Final_Report-PDFDERRY ABUSE REPORT IN FULL: SHOCK FINDINGS was last modified: November 30th, 2011 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:derry abuse audit
“The basic design rules relating the regulation of cellular function to genomic structure is of broad interest,” begin three Cornell microbiologists writing in PNAS,1 and so they have turned their attention to the smallest theoretical living cell:A �minimal cell� is a hypothetical cell possessing the minimum functions required for sustained growth and reproduction in a maximally supportive culture environment. This organism is considered to live in a rich environment with preformed nutrients and relatively constant temperature and pH.The smallest known independently-living organism, Mycoplasma genitalium, has 580 kilobase pairs of DNA. Most prior estimates for the smallest theoretical cell arrived at 262 genes or more. Early investigators started by studying proteins and their functions. These researchers took a different tack:We propose a reverse approach. We ask how we would design a cell to achieve expected functions and, from that design, how we would write the genomic instructions. This approach follows the typical engineering design approach where desired performance dictates functional design, which is then translated into blueprints.By evaluating which genes seem to overlap and sorting out genes that have similar functions, this team got the number of genes down to only 12, accomplishing 11 essential functions. “It is certainly possible that a smaller set of genes might be found,” they say, “but we believe that the set of functions is minimal.” This theoretical lower limit does not, of course, mean that such an entity could be found or constructed, or if it were, that it could survive and reproduce; their model only “permits growth from preformed nucleotides precursors and has complete nucleotide pathways.”1Castellanos, Wilson and Shuler, “A modular minimal cell model: Purine and pyrimidine transport and metabolism,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0400962101 (published online before print April 16, 2004).Their model is little more than a thought experiment. It imagines “pseudochemical species (or modules) that are aggregates of distinct chemical species that share similar chemistry and metabolic dynamics.” What they try to do is theorize how simple a cell can be to exist and model it in a computer, not in the real world. It’s kind of like designing a minimal airplane that could fly around the world without refueling, assuming there is constant temperature and no wind. When the actual Voyager flew, it involved many engineering and physiological challenges that required even more intelligent design than a simple, heavier airplane. These authors do not attempt to imagine that their theoretical cell would actually be viable. It’s only a theoretical organism, a little better fleshed out than the fake computer organisms of Adami and Lenski. The authors do not imply that such an entity was a precursor to complex life. For one thing, their model required pre-existing nucleotides and other ingredients not easy to come by in an organic soup, and assumed unrealistic constant temperature and pH conditions: in essence, they imagined a little garden of Eden for these theoretical cells, not a primitive hostile environment of crashing waves, hot vents, ice ages or meteor impacts. For another, “This observation reminds us of one of the important challenges for comparative genomics,” they mention in their conclusion: “nonorthologous gene displacements (same function being performed by unrelated or very distantly related nonorthologous proteins).” While this observation encourages them that “A conserved core of functions with a single, ubiquitous solution certainly exists” (theoretically, in the computer), the fact is that real life has a non-overlapping universal set of 80 genes, and the three kingdoms utilize very different proteins for some similar functions. This is undoubtedly a reflection of their different habitats and environments. Are we expected to believe that each of the three kingdoms evolved their own quasi-miraculous solutions to functional requirements independently, on repeated occasions, without brains? While the authors consider it “certainly possible” that someone might get the number down below 12 essential genes, they think their set of 11 functions is a rock-bottom minimum. It won’t help origin-of-life researchers anyway. Forget getting 12, or 80, or 256 genes: getting just one is out of the question (see our online book). On Saturday, Dr. Kurt Durston at the Biola ID conference presented his calculations on the information content of a cell. He said that a minimal cell needs 75,000 bits of information, and showed mathematically that evolutionary selection could not proceed in jumps greater than 90 bits. Even if it required only one tenth of that, 7500 bits, it’s just not going to happen by chance, even with natural selection’s help. We agree with the authors: “The basic design rules relating the regulation of cellular function to genomic structure is of broad interest.”(Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
ANC president from 1952 to 1967, and winner of the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize, Chief Albert Luthuli was the most respected African leader of his era. The Albert Luthuli Legacy Project keeps the story of Luthuli – and the millions of people he represented – alive for a generation of South Africans born into freedom.‘No true peace and progress can be secured in any country as long as there are others in that country denied full democratic rights and duties’ – Chief Albert John Luthuli (Photo: Wikipedia)Brand South Africa reporterPresident-General of the African National Congress from December 1952 until his death in 1967, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960, Chief Albert John Luthuli was the most widely known and respected African leader of his era.Luthuli’s home in Stanger, KwaZulu-Natal, a meeting place for people linked to South Africa’s freedom struggle during the years of Luthuli’s banishment, was proclaimed a museum in August 2004.The opening marked the completion of the government-driven Albert Luthuli Legacy Project, which included the launch of an annual memorial lecture, and the unveiling of a bronze statue of Luthuli at the KwaDukuza Municipal Chambers, and of a memorial at the Groutville Congregational Church where Luthuli’s grave is located.The house that is now the Chief Albert Luthuli Museum was under constant police surveillance when Luthuli lived there.Although Luthuli had been banished to his home by the apartheid government, many people travelled there to seek his counsel – among them United States attorney-general Senator Robert Kennedy, who arrived by helicopter for an unofficial visit in 1966.The Order of Luthuli is South Africa’s highest award for contributions to democracy, human rights, justice and peace. See: South Africa’s national orders.Luthuli and his guest held a private discussion on a wooden bench that is still positioned under a tree outside the museum. The two men discussed the ANC’s vision of a united South Africa, and before leaving Kennedy gave the ANC leader a portable record player and recordings of speeches made by his brother, former US president JF Kennedy.The ventilation shafts running beneath the floorboards were once used to conceal documents. According to the Arts and Culture Department, during restoration work on the building, workers uncovered a number of papers dating from that historic era.A latecomer to politicsAccording to SA History Online, Luthuli – who preferred his Zulu name Mvumbi (“Continuous Rain”) to his Christian names Albert John – was a latecomer to politics, nearly 50 when he first assumed national political office.Born near Bulawayo in what was then Rhodesia (and is now Zimbabwe) in 1898, Luthuli was sent back to his family’s home at Groutville mission station in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa in 1908.After completing a teaching course at Edendale near Pietermaritzburg, Luthuli took up the running of a small primary school in the Natal uplands. At around the same time, he was confirmed in the Methodist Church and became a lay preacher.The language of the Bible and Christian principles “profoundly affected his political style and beliefs for the rest of his life”, SA History Online states in its biography.In 1920 Luthuli studied further, then took up a teaching post, at Adams College. In 1935 he agreed to accept the chieftaincy of Groutville reserve, and returned home to become an administrator of local tribal affairs for the next 17 years.Luthuli’s public support for the 1952 Defiance Campaign finally brought him into direct conflict with the South African government, who demanded he resign from the ANC and dismissed him from his post as chief when he refused to do so.In response, Luthuli issued “The Road to Freedom is via the Cross”, in which he condemned apartheid as degrading to all who are party to it and expressed both his belief in non-violence and an optimism that whites would sooner or later accept a shared society.“The notoriety gained by his dismissal, his eloquence, his unimpeachable character, and his demonstrated loyalty to the ANC all made Luthuli a natural candidate to succeed ANC President James Moroka”, SA History Online states in its biography.Luthuli was elected ANC president-general by a large majority in December 1952, winning re-election in 1955 and 1958.“Bans imposed in early 1953 and renewed in the following year prevented him from giving direction to the day-to-day activities of Congress”, SA History Online states, “but as a country-bred ‘man of the people’, combining the most inspiring qualities of Christian and traditional leadership, he provided a powerful symbol for an organisation struggling to rally mass support.”Between the end of 1957 and May 1959, during a lapse in restrictions on his movements, Luthuli made a number of highly publicised addresses to whites and mixed audiences, his polished speeches and balanced appeals for reason in race relations earning him the praise of many white South Africans.Six days after the Sharpeville emergency in 1960, Luthuli sought to rally Africans to resistance by publicly burning his pass in Pretoria and calling for a national day of mourning. On 30 March he was detained and held until August, when he was tried and given a six-month suspended sentence.‘How easy it would have been to hate’Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1960, Luthuli was allowed to travel to Oslo to receive the award the following year.In his acceptance speech on 10 December 1961, Luthuli said: “It can only be on behalf of the people of South Africa, all the people of South Africa, especially the freedom-loving people, that I accept this award, that I acknowledge this honour. I accept it also as an honour not only to South Africa, but for the whole continent of Africa …“Quite long ago my forefathers extended a hand of friendship to people of Europe when they came to that continent. What has happened to the extension of that hand only history can say, and it is not time to speak about that here, but I would like to say, as I receive this prize of peace, that the hand of Africa was extended. It was a hand of friendship, if you read history.”In his Nobel lecture, delivered at the University of Oslo on the following day, Luthuli said: “How easy it would have been in South Africa for the natural feelings of resentment at white domination to have been turned into feelings of hatred and a desire for revenge against the white community.“Here, where every day, in every aspect of life every nonwhite comes up against the ubiquitous sign ‘Europeans Only’ and the equally ubiquitous policeman to enforce it – here it could well be expected that a racialism equal to that of their oppressors would flourish to counter the white arrogance toward blacks.“That it has not done so is no accident. It is because, deliberately and advisedly, African leadership for the past fifty years, with the inspiration of the African National Congress, which I had the honour to lead for the last decade or so until it was banned, had set itself steadfastly against racial vaingloriousness.“We know that in so doing we passed up opportunities for an easy demagogic appeal to the natural passions of a people denied freedom and liberty; we discarded the chance of an easy and expedient emotional appeal.“Our vision has always been that of a nonracial, democratic South Africa which upholds the rights of all who live in our country to remain there as full citizens, with equal rights and responsibilities with all others. For the consummation of this ideal we have laboured unflinchingly. We shall continue to labour unflinchingly.”At the end of his lecture, after much applause, Luthuli sang the African anthem, Nkosi sikelel’ iAfrika.On 21 July 1967, while taking a walk near his Natal home, Luthuli was killed, reportedly when he was struck by a train.Source: SA History OnlineWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.